The Orange County Water District (OCWD) is a California special district that manages the groundwater basin beneath central and northern Orange County, California. The groundwater basin provides a water supply to 19 municipal water agencies and special districts that serve more than 2.4 million Orange County residents. The Orange County Water District's service area covers approximately 350 square miles and the District owns approximately 1,600 acres in and near the Santa Ana River, which it uses to capture water flows for groundwater recharge. Additionally, OCWD owns approximately 2,150 acres of land above the Prado Dam and uses that land for water conservation and water quality improvements.[1] OCWD's administrative offices and the Groundwater Replenishment System (GWRS) facilities are located in Fountain Valley, while OCWD operates various Groundwater recharge facilities located in Anaheim and Orange.

History Edit

The Orange County Water District was formed by an act of the California State Legislature in 1933 and the District Act was signed on June 14 of that year by then Governor James Rolph, Jr.[2]

The Orange County Water District was designated as an Orange County Historical Civil Engineering Landmark in 2006.[3]

Facilities Edit

Groundwater Replenishment System Edit

The Groundwater Replenishment System (GWRS) takes highly treated wastewater from the Orange County Sanitation District and purifies it using microfiltration, reverse osmosis and ultraviolet light with hydrogen pyroxide. This produces high-quality water that exceeds state and federal drinking water standards. The GWRS has been operational since January 2008 and can produce up to 70 million gallons of water daily.[4][5]

OCWD and the Orange County Sanitation District were awarded the Stockholm Industry Water Award in 2008 for pioneering work to develop the Groundwater Replenishment System, the world’s largest water purification plant for groundwater recharge.[6]

Groundwater recharge facilities Edit

OCWD operates groundwater recharge facilities in the Cities of Anaheim and Orange.

Facilities in Anaheim Edit

  • Anaheim Lake
  • Burris Basin
  • Conrock Basin
  • Five Coves Basin
  • Huckleberry Basin
  • Kraemer Basin
  • La Jolla Basin
  • Lincoln Basin
  • Miller Basin
  • Mills Pond
  • Miraloma Basin
  • Olive Basin
  • Placential Basin
  • Warner Basin

Facilities in Orange Edit

  • Fletcher Basin
  • Riverview Basin
  • Santiago Basins (Diamond and Bond Pits)

Other facilities Edit

  • Prado wetlands
  • Seawater barrier

Member agencies and cities Edit

There are 19 City water departments and water districts that are member agencies of OCWD and pump groundwater from the basin.[7]

  1. City of Anaheim
  2. City of Buena Park
  3. East Orange County Water District
  4. City of Fountain Valley
  5. City of Fullerton
  6. City of Garden Grove
  7. Golden State Water Company
  8. City of Huntington Beach
  9. Irvine Ranch Water District
  10. City of La Palma
  11. Mesa Water
  12. City of Newport Beach Water Department
  13. City of Orange
  14. City of Santa Ana Municipal Services
  15. City of Seal Beach
  16. Serrano Water District
  17. City of Tustin
  18. City of Westminster
  19. Yorba Linda Water District

Governance Edit

OCWD is governed by a ten member Board of Directors, seven are publicly elected and three are appointed by their respective City Councils. These ten officials are responsible for the District's policies and decision making.

See alsoEdit

References Edit

  1. Orange County Water District - District Service Area. Orange County Water District Website. Orange County Water District. Retrieved on 2013-05-22.
  2. Orange County Water District - Historical Information. Orange County Water District Website. Orange County Water District. Retrieved on 2013-05-22.
  3. American Society of Civil Engineers - History and Heritage. American Society of Civil Engineers Website. American Society of Civil Engineers. Retrieved on 2013-06-02.
  4. Groundwater Replenishment System - About GWRS. Groundwater Replenishment Website. Orange County Water District. Retrieved on 2013-05-22.
  5. Archibold, Randal. "From Sewage, Added Water for Drinking", 2007-11-27. Retrieved on 2013-05-22.
  6. 2008 Stockholm International Water Institute. Stockholm International Water Institute Website. Stockholm International Water Institute. Retrieved on 2013-05-21.
  7. Orange County Water District - District Service Area. Orange County Water District Website. Orange County Water District. Retrieved on 2013-05-22.

External links Edit

This page uses content from Wikipedia. The original article was at Orange County Water District. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with WaterWiki, the text of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License 3.0 (Unported) (CC-BY-SA). |}

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