The Truckee Carson Irrigation District operates, under contract from the United States Bureau of Reclamation, the Newlands Project in western Nevada. Water is drawn from Lake Tahoe and the Carson and Truckee Rivers and distributed through 370 miles of irrigation canals. The district was founded in 1918 to help mangage the Truckee Carson Project (now the Newlands Project) built under the Federal Reclamation Act. 73, 000 acres within the district are irrigated.
It was the waters from a break in one of the irrigation district's canals which resulted in flooding of Fernley, Nevada in January, 2008, affecting more than 3000 people, resulting in dozens of lawsuits for damages.
In 2003 it was determined in a court decision that the district had failed to deliver water due the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe under their water rights. In December, 2008 it was alleged by federal prosecutors that employees of the district continued in that behavior, resulting in indictments of several officers and employees of the district. Disabling and manipulation of water meters is alleged.
- History of the Truckee Carson Irrigation District
- Pyramid Lake and Truckee River Chronology by Mervin Wright, Jr., 2008 Indian Land Working Group Organizational Meeting, Billings, Montana, August 13, 2008
- 429 F.3d 902 UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff, and Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of Indians, Petitioner-Appellant, v. TRUCKEE-CARSON IRRIGATION DISTRICT; City of Fallon; City of Fernley, Defendants-Appellees, Nevada State Engineers, Respondent-Appellee. United States of America, Plaintiff-Appellant, and Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of Indians, Petitioner, v. City of Fernley, Defendant-Appellee, Nevada State Engineers, Respondent-Appellee. United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit November 21, 2005