The Volta basin, drained by the Volta and its tributaries lies in West Africa and drains into the Gulf of Guinea. The basin includes most of northern Ghana, most of western and southern Burkina Faso and well as portions of Benin, Ivory Coast, Mali and Togo.

The Volta has been dammed at Akosombo in southern Ghana creating Volta Lake which is navigable as far north as Yeji in the middle of the country. Electricity generated by the hydroelectric facilities at the dam provide electricity to Ghana, Togo, and Benin.

It was announced 6 April, 2006 in Ouagadougou that the African Water Facility (AWF) has made a grant of 165,000 Euros to the Volta Basin Technical Committee (VBTC) in support of the establishment of the Volta Basin Authority (VBA) in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture, Hydraulics and Fisheries of Burkina Faso. The African Water Facility, an initiative of the African Minister's Council on Water (AMCOW), is managed by the African Development Bank.

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